You know when someone has seen something really amazing and then, after they tell you all about it, they end by saying, “You can’t make this stuff up.” Well, it’s the same with Bad For You. Hopefully you’ve read through the amazing stories here and now that you’re at the end, it’s time to say the same thing: “You can’t make this stuff up.” But the writers also want to PROVE that they haven’t made it up. And the only way to really do that is to include ever last reference to the source material used in the book. That’s what this looooooonnng list is: every newspaper and magazine article, research paper, book or TV show referenced in Bad For You. With this list, you can track down the original material yourself at your local library. If you’re not sure if your library has the material, check with a librarian and they can try to help you locate it in the shelves.  Where it’s possible, there’s also a website included with every URL (that’s the internet “address”) available. That way, you can look it up yourself online (just plug the address into the internet browser and it should take you right to it).

OK – so start researching!



The Ten-Cent Plague: The Great Comic-Book Scare and How It Changed America, David Hajdu, 2008

Seduction of the Innocent, Fredric Wertham, 1954

Articles by Fredric Wertham and additional biographical information from and

“The Visionary: Part 5 of 10 – The Big Chill,” Robbie Reed, Dial B for Blog,

“Doctor Doctor,” T. Holder, Comics Comics, Feb. 2, 2010,

“A National Disgrace,” Sterling North, 1940, Reprinted in Childhood Education, 17:56

1954 Senate Subcommittee Transcripts, The,

“Good Shall Triumph over Evil”: The Comic Book Code of 1954,” History Matters: The U.S. Survey Course on the Web,


All references from The Ten-Cent Plague: The Great Comic-Book Scare and How It Changed America, David Hajdu, 2008


“Sciencegeek Fundamentals #1: An Introduction to the Scientific Method, by way of Chewbacca,” Dave Ng,,


“Comic Book Reading, Reading Enjoyment, and Pleasure Reading Among Middle Class and Chapter (Title) 1 Middle School Students,” Joanne Ujiie and Stephen D. Krashen, 1996,

“Concept Cartoons, Teaching and Learning in Science,” Brenda Keogh, International Journal of Science Education, 1999

“Effects of Comic Strips on L2 Learners’ Reading Comprehension,” Jun Liu, Tesol Quarterly, Vol 38, No. 2, Summer 2004

“Book Selections of Economically Disadvantaged Black Elementary Students,” Lunetta M. Williams, The Journal of Educational Research, September/October 2008, Vol. 102, No. 1


The Republic of Plato, Volume 1, Plato, 380 B.C. (estimate)

“Nineteenth-Century American Children and What They Read,”,

“From Cave Painting to the Internet,” Censorship Timeline Outline, Jeremy Norman,

“Community Standards,” CYB3RCRIM3: Observations on Technology, Law and Lawlessness, August 20, 2008,

Traps for the Young, Anthony Comstock, 1883,

“Magic Lost for New Potter Fans,” Brenda Conroy, The Sunday Telegraph, November 11, 2007,

“‘Satanic’ Harry Potter Books Burnt,” BBC News World Edition, December 31, 2001,

“Conservative Christian Responses to the Harry Potter Books: Introduction & Book Burnings,” Religious, (updated) November 13, 2005,

“Harry Potter and the Ministry of Fire,” David Serchuk,, December 1, 2006,

“Children and Childhood, Chapter One: Histories of Childhood,” John Clarke, (excerpt from Childhood Studies: An Introduction, 2003,


“Success of Harry Potter Bowls Author Over,” CNN Entertainment, October 21, 1999,

“Harry the Wiz is the Wrong Biz,” Ellen Makkai, World Net Daily, November 26, 2001,

“Harry Potter Books Spark Rise in Satanism Among Children,” The Onion, July 26, 2000,,2413/

“Even More Christian Urban Legends: Stories involving the Harry Potter,” B.A. Robinson, Religious, Creation date: Febraury 7, 2003 – Latest udate: January 3, 2007,

“Influential Individuals and Demon Rank,” Yona Williams,, December 30, 2005,

“Kids in Lock Haven, PA are Giving Up Their Christian Faith and Starting Satanic Churches because of Harry Potter Books-Fiction!” Last update: July 2, 2003,

“Harry Potter Author Admits She’s an Avowed Satanist-Fiction!  Last update: November 22, 2002,


“Top 10 Gruesome Fairy Tale Origins,” Jamie Frater,, 2009,

Surlalune Fairy Tales,

Uses of Enchantment, Bruno Bettelheim, 1976

Killing Monsters: Why Children Need Fantasy, Super Heroes, and Make-Believe Violence, Gerard Jones, 2003

“War Play in the Nursery,” Penny Holland, New Therapist, Winter, 2000

Grand Theft Childhood: The Surprising Truth About Violent Video Games and What Parents Can Do, Lawrence Kutner and Cheryl K. Olson, 2008



“Burnt City Excavation Underway,” Iran Daily, December 10, 2009,

“The History of Dice,” Ready Bet, 2006-2008,

The Classical Student’s Translation of Horace: Or, the Works of Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (Tranlated for Classical Students by H.P. Haughton), Quintus Horatius Flaccus, 1844,

“History of Card Games,” Laura Evans,,

“The Real Truth About Dungeons & Dragons,” Charney Cale, 2002,

“The Pulling Report,” Michael Stackpole, RPG, 1990,

In Pursuit of Satan: The Police and the Occult Amherst, Robert D Hicks, 1991

“Moral Panics Over Youth Culture and Video Games Comments,” Ken Gagne,, April 27, 2001,

“The Disappearance of James Dallas Egbert III,” Shaun Hately, Places to Go, People to Be: The Online Magazine for Roleplayers, 1999,

“The Attacks on Role-Playing Games,” Paul Cardwell, Jr., Skeptical Inquirer, Vol. 18, No. 2, Winter 1994 (available online at:

“Reality Bytes: Eight Myths About Video Games Debunked,” Henry Jenkins,,

“A Suicide Spurs Town to Debate Nature Of A Game,” James Brooke, New York Times, August 22, 1985,

What Video Games Have to Tell Us About Learning and Literacy, James Gee, 2001.

Reset: Changing the Way We Look at Video Games, Rusel Demaria, 2009

“Teaching Kids to Kill,” David Grossman, Phi Kappa Phi National Forum, 2000,

Federal/State Video Game Legislation, Lawrence G., Walters,,

“Video Game Violence,” Senate Committee Governmental Affairs, C-Span Video Library, 1993,

“Basic Gaming Advocacy FAQ,” The,

“A Selective Timeline of the Internet and Censorship,” National Coalition Against Censorship, 2009

The Ultimate History of Video Games: From Pong to Pokémon and Beyond – The Story Behind the Craze that Touched Our Lives and Changed the World, Steven L. Kent, 2001, available online:

“When Two Tribes Go to War: A History of Video Game Controversy,” Lauren Gonzalez,,

Consuming Youth: Vampires, Cyborgs & the Culture of Consumption, Rob Latham, 2002

“New England Town Keeps Video Game Ban in Place,” Game, May 9, 2011,

Replay: The History of Video Games, Tristan Donovan, 2010, excerpt available at,

“The Impact of Interactive Violence on Children: Hearing before the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation,” United States Senate, One Hundred Sixth Congress Second Session, March 21, 2000, transcripts available at:

“The Video Game Industry: Resume Play,” Timeline of Major Political Determinants (Within the US), 2009,

“Killers Worshipped Rock Freak Manson,” The Sun, April 22, 1999

“Did Harris Preview Massacre on ‘Doom’?,” Kevin Simpson and Jason Blevins, The Denver, May 4, 1999,

“On Killing – A Talk with Col. Dave Grossman One Year after Columbine,”, July 26, 2000,

“Sounding the Alarm on Video Game Ratings,”, February 18, 2004,

“The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in The United States,” 2002,

“Violent Video Game Play Makes More Aggressive Kids, Study Shows,” Science, Mar. 1, 2010,

“Study Links Violent Video Games, Hostility,” Donna St. George, Washington Post, November 3, 2008,

“The Research Is In: Violent Video Games Can Lead to Violent Behavior,” An Interview with Craig Anderson, Executive Intelligence Review, June 1, 2007,

“Don’t Shoot: Why Video Games Really Are Linked to Violence,” Slate Magazine, April 27, 2007,…/dont_shoot.html

“The Violent Side of Video Games,” Science News for Kids, Jan 12, 2004,…/the-violent-side-of-video-games-2/

“Playing the Blame Game” Windi Benedetti,, October 2, 2008,

“GameSpeak: Jack Thompson,” William Vitka, CBS, February 11, 2009,

“Were Video Games to Blame for Massacre?” Winda Benedetti,, April 20, 2007,

“Chapter IV: Mental Health History of Seung Hui Cho,” from the Virginia Tech Incident Review Panel: Mass Shooting at Virginia Tech, April 16, 2007,

“Game Roundup: Wait for ‘Burning Crusade’; ‘Mansfield’ a 96-hour Keeper,” The Associated Press, November 3, 2006,

“Fla. Bar Seeks Sanctions Against Morality Watchdog Jack Thompson,” Daniel Ostrovsky,, September 2, 2007,

“The Impact of Interactive Violence on Children,” Hearing before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, March 21, 2000,

“Blazing Angels or Resident Evil? Can Violent Video Games Be a Force for Good?,” Christopher J. Ferguson, Review of General Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2010, Volume 14, No. 2,

“Video Games and Aggressive Thoughts, Feelings, and Behavior in the Laboratory and in Life,” Craig A. Anderson & Karen Dill, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Volume 78, No. 4, April 2000

“The Effects of Prosocial Video Games on Prosocial Behaviors: International Evidence from Correlational, Longitudinal, and Experimental Studies,” Douglas A. Gentile, Craig A. Anderson (et la), Pers Soc Psychol Bulletin, 2009,

“The Influence of Media Violence on Youth,” Craig A. Anderson (et la), Psychological Science in the Public Interest, Volume 4, No. 3, December 2003,

“TV Violence a Threat to Public Health,” David Gutierrez, Natural, July 02, 2008,

“Cultural Framing of Computer/Video Games,” Kurt Squire, Game Studies, Volume 2, Issue 1,

“Violent TV, Games Pack a Powerful Public Health Threat,” Science, Nov. 28, 2007

“A Plea for Caution: Violent Video Games, the Supreme Court, and the Role of Science,” Ryan C. W. Hall, Terri Day, and Richard C. W. Hall, National Institutes of Health’s National Library of Medicine’s Journal, April 2011,

“Video Games and ‘Moral Panic,'” Adam Thierer, The Technology Liberation Front, January 23, 2009,

“20-Year Lag Time Between Smoking and Lung Cancer” chart,

Grand Theft Childhood: The Surprising Truth About Violent Video Games and What Parents Can Do, Lawrence Kutner and Cheryl K. Olson, 2008

“Video Games and Real-life Aggression: A Review of the Literature,” Journal of Adolescent Health, 2001, No. 29,

A Further Plea for Caution Against Medical Professionals Overstating Video Game Violence Effects–In reply–I,” Mayo Clinic Proceedings, August 2011,

“EMA Brief Released in Schwarzenegger Video Game Case,” September 9, 2010,

“Justices Debate Video Game Ban,” Adam Liptak, New York Times, November 2, 2010,

“Can a State Ban Sale of Violent Video Games to Children?,” Ariane de Vogue, ABC, November 2, 2010,


“Sen. Lieberman: Adam Lanza had ‘hypnotic’ involvement with violent video games,” Washington Examiner, Charlie Spiering, Dec. 18, 2012,

“ECA Action Alert Tell Congress There’s No Link Between Video Games and Real Life Violence,” Game, Jan. 22, 2013,

“Makers of Violent Video Games Marshal Support to Fend Off Regulation,” Eric Lichtblau, New York Times, Jan. 11, 2013,

“More Than Half of U.S. Adults Play Video Games,” Chloe Albanesius, PC Magazine, Dec. 8, 2008,,2817,2336392,00.asp

“Inside the dark, lonely world of maniac Adam Lanza,” Pete Samson, The Sun, Dec. 17 2012,

“Manchin: Time to Talk Gun Control; New Push for Assault Weapons Ban; Video Game Concerns After Newtown,”, aired Dec. 18, 2012,

“Video Games Are ‘A Bigger Problem Than Guns,’ Says Actual U.S. Senator,  Jason Schreier,, Jan. 30, 2013,

“Jack Thompson to ECA: ‘Maybe Now You’ll Get It!’”, Dec. 17, 2012,

“NRA: Video Game Industry ‘Sows Violence Against Its Own People’”NBC, Dec. 21m 2012,

“Connecticut Town to Burn Violent Video Games as Sandy Hook Returns to School,” Adam Gabbatt, The Guardian, Jan. 3, 2013,

“White House Gun Proposals,” New York Times, Jan. 16, 2013,

“The NRA Has Made It Nearly Impossible to Find Accurate, Current, American Gun Statistics,” Walter Hickey, Business Insider, Jan. 30, 2013,

“Southington, CT. Group Cancels Violent Video Game Return Program,” Game, Jan. 9, 2013,

“Guns and Video Games – Looking for a Culprit,” Aida Akl, Voice of America, Jan. 7, 2013,

“Sales of Guns Soar in U.S. as Nation Weighs Tougher Limits,” Michael Cooper, New York Times, Jan. 12, 2013,

“December Video Game Retail Sales Drop 22 Percent,” by Associated Press, Washington Times, Jan. 11, 2013,

“ESA Issues Statement on President Obama’s Call for CDC Research on Video Games,” Game Politics, Jan. 16, 2013,

“NRA Press Conference: Blame Video Games and Movies, Not Guns,” Paul Tassi,, Dec. 21, 2012,


“Chess-Playing Excitement,” Scientific America, July 1859

“Football Banned,” Football,

“History Topics: The History of Football,” History Channel Website,

“Ten-strike in the Ratings,” Herman Weiskopf, Sports Illustrated, April 1973,

“Where Sports Get Their Magic,” Frank Mazzaglia, The Milford Daily News, August 17, 2008

“Cricket Before 1600AD,” Society for Creative Anachronism, Kingdom of Lochac,

“The Croquet Fad of the 1870′s,” Mortal Journey, November 2010,

“The History of Pinball,” Seth Porges, Rocketboom, November 16, 2010,

“Card Games of Any Kind No Dice in S.C.,” Brian Hicks, The Post and Courier, April 28, 2007,


Folk Devils and Moral Panics, Stanley Cohen, 1972

“Video Games, Rickets, Newspapers and Headline Writers,” Tom Watson, January 25th, 2010

“’Games Cause Rickets’ – A Thorough Debunking,” Nicholas Lovell, Games Brief, January 22, 2010,

“Gaming Does NOT cause Rickets – Official,” Tim Ingham, Computer and Video January 25, 2010,

“Rickets Warning from Doctors as Vitamin D Deficiency Widens,” Owen Bowcott, The Guardian, Thursday 21 January 2010,

“TV and Computer Games Blamed for Return of Rickets,” NewsCORE, January 22, 2010,

“Video Gaming Leads to Surge in Rickets,” Metro, Ross McGuinness, January 22, 2010,

“Rickets Makes Comeback Among Computer Generation,” The Telegraph, January 20, 2010,

“Rickets Reappears Among Kids Hooked on Computers” Huffington Post, March 24, 2010,


“How Protests Against Games Cause Them To Sell More Copies,” Chris Kohler, Wired Magazine, October 30, 2007,

“Video Game Critics Take Aim at Cannibalism,” MSNBC, November 29, 2005,

“Setting the Record Straight,” Wideload Games,

“Of Chimps And Chiefs: An Interview With Alex Seropian,” Brandon Sheffield,, August 13, 2007,

“Attorney Proposes Violent Game”, Matt Saunderson, Advanced Media Network – GameCube, October 10, 2005,

“Thompsonsoft’s Bloody ‘I’m O.K.’ Splatters Onto Web,” Michael Mcwhertor, Kotaku, February 4, 2006,

“Connecticut Files Amicus Brief in Support of California Videogame Law,” Game Politics, July 19, 2010,

“Marketing Violent Entertainment to Children: A Fifth Follow-Up Review of Industry Practices in the Motion Picture, Music Recording & Electronic Game Industries,” A Review to Congress, Federal Trade Commission, April 2007,


“Boy Scouts ‘Video Game’ Badge Introduced,” Bianca Bosker, Huffington Post, June 28, 2010,

“Video games and health,” M. Griffiths, British Medical Journal, July 16, 2005,

“The Science Behind Foldit,”

“Food Force: The First Humanitarian Video Game,”

“Running head: HOW VIDEO GAMES BENEFIT YOUR BRAIN,” Jing Feng and Ian Spence, Michigan State University, 2008,

“Video Games Are Good for Children – EU report,” Robert Booth, The Guardian, February, 11 2009,

“Video Games Hone Laparoscopic Surgery Skills,” Crystal Phend, MedPage, February 19, 2007,

“Video Games May Be Helpful in Treating ‘Lazy Eye’ in Adults,” Science Daily, June 6, 2012,

“Digital Gamers Target Disease,” Amy Fagan, The, May 11, 2008,

“Game On: Video Games Give Kids a Solid Workout,” e! Science, March 8, 2011,

“Kids Who Play Sports Games Likely to Play Sports in Real Life,” July 8, 2010,,

Violent Crime: Clinical and Social Implications, Chapter 3: “Media Violence Effects and Violent Crime: Good Science or Moral Panic?” Christopher J. Ferguson (author of Chapter 3 & editor of book), 2009.



“Western Expansion & Reform (1829-1859),” Library of Congress Presents: America’s Story,”

“High Tech or High Risk: Moral Panics about Girls Online – Digital Youth, Innovation, and the Unexpected,” Justine Cassell & Meg Cramer, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning, 2008,

America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940, Claude S. Fischer, 1992

“From Statistical Panic to Moral Panic: The Metadiscursive Construction and Popular Exaggeration of New Media Language in the Print Media,” Crispin Thurlow, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Volume 11, No. 3, 2006,

“Ireland’s Text-mad Youth Losing Writing Abilities,” USA, April, 25 2007,

“I h8 txt msgs: How Texting is Wrecking our Language,” J. Humphrys, Mail Online, September 24, 2007,

“Text Messaging ‘Improves Children’s Spelling Skills,’” Graeme Paton, The Telegraph, January 20, 2011,

“OMG IM Speak Not Bad 4 Grammar LOL,” Nate Anderson,, August 1, 2006,

“Literacy and Text Messaging: How Will the Next Generation Read and Write?,” Kate Baggott, Tecnology, December 21, 2006,

“Generation Wired,” Emily Listfield, Parade Magazine, October 7, 2011,

“Oxford Scientist Calls for Research on Technology ‘Mind Change’,” Ian Sample, The Guardian, September 14, 2010,

“Help! My Smartphone Is Making Me Dumb — or Maybe Not,” Brian X. Chen,, October 4, 2010,

“The Science Studio Interview with Susan Greenfield,” conducted by Roger Bingham, The Science,

“Autism and the Internet, Drugs, Television, Rain, the Victorian Era & the Media,” a.r.e., Acronym, August 11, 2011,

“Wired Kids, Negligent Parents?,” New York Times, January 28, 2010,

“Attached to Technology and Paying a Price,” Matt Richtel, The New York Times, June 6, 2010,, based on the Random House Dictionary, 2012,

“Internet Addiction: Metasynthesis of 1996–2006 Quantitative Research,” Sookeun Byun, Celestino Ruffini, Juline E. Mills, Alecia C. Douglas, Mamadou Niang, Svetlana Stepchenkova, Seul Ki Lee, Jihad Loutfi, Jung-Kook Lee, Mikhail Atallah & Marina Blanton, Cyberpsychology & Behavior, Volume 12, Number 2, 2009,

“Addiction to Internet ‘is an Illness’,” David Smith, The Observer, March 22, 2008,

“The Psychology of Climate Change with Baroness Susan Greenfield, Blue Marble Consulting, 2010,

“Reduced Striatal Dopamine Transporters in People with Internet Addiction Disorder,”

Haifeng Hou, Shaowe Jia, Shu Hu, Rong Fan, Wen Sun, Taotao Sun & Hong Zhang, Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, Volume 2012,

“A New Study Asks a Troubling Question: Are We Losing Our Minds?,” Kent Anderson, The Scholarly Kitchen, June 23, 2011,

Don’t Tell Me What to Do, Just Send Money: The Essential Parenting Guide to the College Years, Helen E. Johnson, Christine Schelhas-Miller, 2011

“Children, Wired: For Better and for Worse,” Daphne Bavelier, C. Shawn Green & Matthew W.G. Dye, Neuron 67, September 9, 2010,

“Technology Blamed for US Obesity,” John Geralds, V3.Co.UK, June 2002,

“Video Games, TV Double Childhood Obesity Risk,” Jennifer Warner,,

“Technology is Cause of Obesity Say Harvard Economists,” World, November 10, 2003,

“Video Games, Not TV, Linked To Obesity In Kids,” Science, March 18,  2004),


“Some Schools Rethink Bans on Cell Phones,” M. Alex Johnson,, February 3, 2010,

Old Wires and New Waves, Alvin E. Harlow, 1936,

Txtng: The Gr8 Db8, David Crystal, 2008

Encyclopedia Britannica,

From Old English to Standard English: A Course Book in Language Variation, Dennis Freeborn, 2006

Handbook of Simplified Spelling, Henry Gallup Paine, 1920,

“Eight Words Which Have Completely Changed Their Meaning Over Time,” Andrian Swall, Writing Hood, October 4, 2008,

“FYI: English language continues to evolve – OMG!,” Tim Liew, Slouching Towards, March 25, 2011,

“Words Shakespeare Invented: List of Words Shakespeare Invented,” October 12, 2010,

“2B? Nt2b? Shakespeare Gets Texting Treatment,”, November 18, 2005,


Phaedrus, Plato, 360 B.C.E.

“A Fifteenth Century Technopanic about the Horrors Of The Printing Press,” Mike Masnick,, February 25, 2011,

“Don’t Touch That Dial! A History of Media Technology Scares, from The Printing Press to Facebook,” Vaughan Bell, Slate Magazine, Feb. 15, 2010,

“Future Shock, Past and Present,” On the Media (Transcript), Feb. 19, 2010,

“Is the Internet Melting Our Brains?” (an interview with Dennis Baron, the writer of A Better Pencil), Vincent Rossmeier,, September 19, 2009,

“Are Twitter and Facebook Affecting How We Think?” Neil Tweedie, The Telegraph, Jun 28, 2010,

“The Babbage Engine,” Computer History Museum, 2008,

“Enhancing Humanity,” Raymond Tallis, Philosophy Now, 2007 May/June,

“Images Captured in Parisian Portraiture,” Benjamin Genocchio, New York Times, October 24, 2008,

The Record Effect: How Technology has Transformed the Sound of Music,” Alex Ross, The New Yorker, June 6, 2005,

American Nervousness, its Causes and Consequences; a Supplement to Nervous Exhaustion, George M. Beard, 1881,

“Panicked Audiences and the ‘Train Effect,’” Stephen Bottomore, Historical Journal of Film, Tadio and Television, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1999,

“Fear of the New is an Affliction That’s Quite Old,” Luke Allnutt, San Francisco Chronicle, May 9, 2010, 1900s

Evil Influences: Crusades Against the Mass Media, Steven Starker, 1989

A Better Pencil: Readers, Writers, and the Digital Revolution, Dannis Baron, 2009

Computer Power and Human Reason, Joseph Weizenbaum, 1976

“Does the Internet Make You Dumber?,” Nicholas Carr, The Wall Street Journal, June 5, 2010,


“Fact Sheet on Internet Filters,” The Free Expression Policy Project,

“Effin in County Limerick Seen as ‘Offensive’ on Facebook,” Laura Bleakley, BBC News, December 2, 2011,

“Food Domain Found ‘Obscene’”. Paul Festa,, April 27, 1998,

“CYBERsitter: Where Do We Not Want You to Go Today?,” (reprint of original article by Bennett Haselton, founder of Peacefire),

“Rhode Island’s Ban on Facebook in Schools Too Dumb to Be a Joke,” Adam Goldstein, Huffington, June 27, 2011,

“Rhode Island’s No-Facebook-in-School Ban is Redundant and Confusing,” Frank LoMonte, Student Press Law Center, June 24, 2011,

“Narcissism on the Internet Isn’t Risk Free,” Eric Gwinn, ChicagoTribune,  March 6, 2007,

“Empathy: College Students Don’t Have as Much as They Used To,” University of Michigan News Service, May 27, 2010,

Empathy Survey available at:

“It Is Developmental Me, Not Generation Me: Developmental Changes Are More Important Than Generational Changes in Narcissism — Commentary on Trzesniewski & Donnellan,” Brent W. Roberts, Grant Edmonds & Emily Grijalva, Perspectives on Psychological Science January 2010, Volume 5, No. 1

“Rethinking ‘Generation Me’: A Study of Cohort Effects From 1976–2006,” Kali H. Trzesniewski & M. Brent Donnellan, Perspectives on Psychological Science, January 2010, Volume 5, No. 1

“Groundhog Day Versus Alice in Wonderland, Red Herrings Versus Swedish Fishes, and Hopefully Something Constructive: A Reply to Comments,” M. Brent Donnellan & Kali H. Trzesniewski, Perspectives on Psychological Science January 2010, Volume 5, No. 1

“’Civic Generation’ Rolls Up Sleeves in Record Numbers,” Andrea Stone, USA Today, April 13, 2009,

Various Research & Graphs from Volunteering in America, http://www.volunteeringinamerica

“Have Young People Always Been Self-Absorbed?,” Jean Twenge, Generation Me Weblog, August 3, 2010,

“Is the “Me Generation” Less Empathetic?,” Ray Williams, Psychology Today, June 6, 2010,

“From Students, Less Kindness for Strangers?,” Pamela Paul, New York Times, June 25, 2010,

“Empathy: College Students Don’t Have as Much as They Used Too, Study Finds,”, May 28, 2010,

“Today’s College Students Lack Empathy,” Jeanna Bryner,, May 28, 2010,

“College Students Losing Their Sensitive Side,” Washington Post , May 30, 2010,

“All About Me? College Kids Lack Empathy,” Jeanna Bryner,, May 28, 2010,

“‘Generation Me’ Tends to be Self-Centered, Competitive, U.S. Research Shows,” US, May 28, 2010,

“Study Found Older People Preferred Negative Stories About Younger Folks,” Randy Dotinga, US, September 2, 2010,

“Generation Me vs. You Revisited,” Stephanie Rosenbloom, New York Times, January 17, 2008,

Emerging Adulthood: The Winding Road from Late Teens through the Twenties, J. J. Arnett, 2004

“Suffering, Selfish, Slackers? Myths and Reality About Emerging Adults,” J. J. Arnett, J Youth Adolescence, Volume 36, 2007,

“Ideology of the Good Old Days: Exaggerated Perceptions of Moral Decline and Conservative Politics,” Richard P. Eibach & Lisa K. Libby, Chapter 16: Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification, 2009


I Seem To Be a Verb, R. Buckminster Fuller, 1970

“We See Children as Pestilent,” Tanya Byron, The Guardian, March 17, 2009

Famous Quotes from 100 Great People, from MobileReference, 2011

“’Hoodies’ Were the Scourge of Medieval London,” Laura Clout, The Telegraph, April 8, 2008

Public Life in Renaissance Florence. R.C. Trexler, 1980

Speeches of the Earl of Shaftesbury, K.G., Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1868

Public Life in Renaissance Florence: The Revolution of 1905 in Russia’s Southwest, Richard C. Trexler, 1980, p. 390.

“Young Offenders,” Richard Brown, April 4, 2011,

Taking the Pledge: A Study of Children’s Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Birds and Animals in Britain, c. 1870-1964, Frederick S. Milton, 2008,,%20F.S.%2009.pdf

“Juvenile Delinquent,” Ken Greenwald, Word, Dec. 13, 2004,

Collins English Dictionary (Online),

Teenage: The Creation of Youth, 1875-1945, Jon Savage, 2007

“Spoiled Rotten — A Timeless Complaint,” Alfie Kohn, The Washington Post, July 18, 2010,

Mediated Deviance and Social Otherness: Interrogating Influential Representations, edited by Kylo-Patrick R. Hart, 2007, p. 17,

“Does Jazz Put the Sin in Syncopation?” Ladies Home Journal, August 1921.

From Jazz Babies to Generation Next: The History of the American Teenager, Laura B. Edge, 2011

Mediated Deviance and Social Otherness Interrogating Influential Representations, edited by Kyloe-Patrick R. Hartz, 2007,

Frank Sinatra, Wikimedia Foundation,


“West Memphis 3 Freed After Plea Deal, And Toronto-Bound Docu Directors Need Ending Change,” Mike Fleming,, August 19, 2011,

“Prosecuting Juveniles in Adult Court: An Assessment of Trends and Consequences,”

Malcolm C. Young and Jenni Gainsborough, January 2000, http://www.prisonpolicy

Childhood in China, edited by W. Kessen, 1975

“Forget Goofing Around: Recess Has a New Boss, Winnie Hu, New York Times, March 14, 2010,

“A Recess Coach For Kids?” Tell Me More on NPR News, April 6, 2010,

“A Best Friend? You Must Be Kidding,” Hilary Stout, New York Times, June 16, 2010,

“Where Students Can’t Hug,” Steven Gray, Time Magazine, November 13, 2007,,8599,1683668,00.html#ixzz1xmhaSLE8

“The Debate: No Contact Allowed,” Brian Reid, The Washington Post, June 22, 2007,



Playground Designs, Paige Johnson,

“The Playground of Today is the Republic of Tomorrow: Social Reform And Organized Recreation In The USA, 1890-1930’s,” Linnea M. Anderson,, 2007,

“The Mayor Who Demolished Playgrounds,” Tampa Bay Times, October 3, 2011,

“Senator Seeking Meeting on Swings,” Bryan Chambers, The Herald-Dispatch, Sept. 1, 2010,

“Cabell County, W Va. School District Improves Playgrounds With Rubber Mulch,” Swing Set Blog: Kids Outdoor Adventures, June 22, 2012,

“Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society: Playground Movement,” Internet FAQ Archives,

“The Sydney Playground Project: Popping the Bubblewrap – Unleashing the Power of Play: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of a Primary School Playground-Based Intervention Aiming to Increase Children’s Physical Activity and Social Skills,” Anita C Bundy, Geraldine Naughton, Paul Tranter, Shirley Wyver, Louise Baur, Wendy Schiller, Adrian Bauman, Lina Engelen, Jo Ragen, Tim Luckett, Anita Niehues, Gabrielle Stewart, Glenda Jessup & Jennie Brentnall, BioMed Central, September 2011,

Almanac of Theodore Roosevelt,

“When Child’s Play Is Too Simple; Experts Criticize Safety-Conscious Recreation as Boring,” Janny Scott, New York Times, July 15, 2000,

“The War on Children’s Playgrounds,” Lenore Skenazy,, May 17, 2010,

“Are We Safe Yet? A Twenty-Five Year Look at Playground Safety,” Susan D. Hudson, Donna Thompson & Mick G. Mack, The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, Vol. 68, 1997

“With Emphasis on Safety, Playgrounds Aren’t for All,” Linda F. Burghardt, New York Times, October 23, 2005,

Kids ‘N Safe Play: Regulation, Litigation And Playground Safety, Amy Widman, Center for Justice & Democracy, August 2008,

“Remember Tag? Red Rover? No More,” Suzanne Perez Tobias, The Wichita Eagle, (reprinted at Peaceful,

“Lawsuits Take School’s Swing Sets Away From Kids,” Faces of Lawsuit,

“The Importance of Play in Promoting Healthy Child Development and Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bonds,” Kenneth R. Ginsburg, The American Academy of Pediatrics, No. 1, Jan. 1, 2007,

American Playgrounds: Revitalizing Community Space, Susan G. Solomon, 2005


Recess: It’s Role in Education and Development, Anthony D. Pellegrini, 2005 (references study in Childhood in China, edited by W. Kessen, 1975)

“Forget Goofing Around: Recess Has a New Boss, Winnie Hu, New York Times, March 14, 2010,

“A Recess Coach For Kids?” Tell Me More on NPR News, April 6, 2010,

“A Best Friend? You Must Be Kidding,” Hilary Stout, New York Times, June 16, 2010,

“Where Students Can’t Hug,” Steven Gray, Time Magazine, November 13, 2007,,8599,1683668,00.html#ixzz1xmhaSLE8

“The Debate: No Contact Allowed,” Brian Reid, The Washington Post, June 22, 2007,

“Zero Tolerance for Hugs – and Watch Those Keychains,” Educsation Reporter, Number 264, January 2008,

“Hugs and High Fives Banned in School,”, Oct 05, 2007

“A Field Guide to the Middle Class U.S. Family,” Shirley S. Wang, The Wall Street Journal, March 13, 2012,

“Parents Outsource the Basics,” Sophia Hollander & Melanie Grayce West, The Wall Street Journal, November 1, 2011,


Play, How it Shapes the Brain, Opens the Imagination, and Invigorates the Soul, Stuart Brown, 2009

Why Dirt Is Good: 5 Ways to Make Germs Your Friends, Dr. Mary Ruebush, 2009

“Acute Cooling of the Feet and the Onset of Common Cold Symptoms,” C. Johnson & R. Eccles, Common Cold Centre, Cardiff School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, 2005,

Don’t Swallow Your Gum! Myths, Half-Truths, and Outright Lies About Your Body and Health, Dr. Aaron Carroll & Dr. Rachel Vreeman, 2009

“Mom and Dad, Stop Stifling Me – it’s Damaging My Brain,” Wendy Zukerman, March 1, 2010, The New Scientist,–its-damaging-my-brain.html

“UTC Professors Study the Effects of Helicopter Parenting,” Perla Trevizo, Times Free, January 9, 2012,

“Hygiene Hypothesis Gains Support in the United States and Europe,” The Respiratory, Vol. 8, No. 1, January 2003,

“Antibacterial Hand Sanitizers Unnecessary and Risky,” Jane Sheppard, Healthy, October 15, 2011,


Potty Mitts,


Baby Bottom Fan,

O’Pair Child’s Plush and Adult’s Sleek Fanny Packs,

Thudguard® – Infant Safety Hat,


“Philadelphia Fights Violent Flash Mobs With Curfews,” J. David Goodman, The Lede Blog, New York, August 10, 2011,

“Youth Curfews Popular with American Cities but Effectiveness and Legality Are Questioned,” Tony Favro, City, July 21, 2009,

“Pillow Fight NYC 2012,” April 7, 2012,

“Malls Nationwide are Setting Curfews for Unaccompanied Teens,” USA Today, September 17, 2009,

“Montgomery County Proposes Flash-Mob Law: 7-Eleven Robbery Spurs Debate, Andrea Noble, August 28, 2011,

“Curfew FAQ,” Youth,

“Skateboard Carrying Outlawed in New Jersey City?,” Richard Degener, Cape May County News, November 19, 2003,

“City Police Officer Who Berated Skateboarder Fired,” Peter Hermann, The Baltimore Sun, August 25, 2010,

“Baltimore Police Officer Salvatore Rivieri and Skateboarder,”

“Go Skateboarding Day: Cops vs Skaters,”

“Police Man Assaults and Arrests 13 Year Old Skater for Smiling,”

“Skateboarding,” George Delis, News, February 18, 2003,

Skateboarding Facts: The LOCO Skate Project,

“Skateparks at a Dead End,” Tom Miller, Landscape Architecture Magazine, September 2004

The Superstudy of Sports Participation, Volume 2, American Sports Data, Inc, 2004

“Cities Fed Up, ‘Making Criminals’ Out of Skateboarders,” Barbara Metzler, Los Angeles Times, November 20, 1988,

“Fact of the Day: Hunting is Safer Than Bowling?” CARPE DIEM: Professor Mark J. Perry’s Blog for Economics and Finance, Dec. 7, 2011,

“Skateboarding Safety Statistics,” Drop in to Skateboarding,

“Legend Trips and Satanism: Adolescents’ Ostensive Traditions as ‘Cult’ Activity,” Bill Ellis (from The Satanism Scare, ed. James T. Richardson, Joel Best, and David G. Bromley), 1991

“Oregon Students Challenge Unconstitutional Curfew in Lake Oswego,”, April 18, 2007,

“I’d Like to Help You, Son, But You’re Too Young to Vote,” Angus Johnston, Student, May 9, 2009,

“Court Invalidates West New York Curfew Ordinance,”, September 13, 1999,

“Oklahoma City Parents Complain Police Wrongly Rounded Up Teenagers in Bricktown,” Bryan Dean, News, July 20, 2011,

“Girl Testifies About Arrest in Kmart Raid,” Lisa Teachey,, June 10, 2003

“The Effectiveness of Juvenile Curfews at Crime Prevention,” Kenneth Adams, The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, May 2003 vol. 587 No. 1,

“Flash Mobs: From Social Media To ‘Tsunami Of Kids,’” Ron Callari, Inventor,

“Will Fear of Flash Mobs Keep You and Your Kids Indoors?,” Christine Whitley, Chicago, June 9, 2011,

“Flash mobs: Cleveland Heights fair Violence Was Catalyst for Crackdown,” Stan Donaldson, Cleveland Plains Dealer, December 19, 2011,

“S.F. May Crack Down on ‘Flash Mob’ Antics,” Seth Rosenfeld, San Francisco, March 9, 2009,

“Police brutality in Durango (Zombie March),” You,


“Young Hooligans, Scram!,” Lauren Ellis, Mother Jones,  June 9, 2011,

Discovery’s Science Channel “Weird Connections” Episode 8: “The Sound of Vomit,” aired October 21, 2010,

“The Mosquito,”

“Kids Be Gone: High Pitch Only Teens Can Hear Used as Deterrent,” August, 21 2009,

“High-Pitched Device Serves as Teen Repellent,” Erin Conroy,, April 23, 2008,

“Damage to Human Hearing by Airborne Sound of Very High Frequency or Ultrasonic Frequency,” B W Lawton, published by the UK’s Health and Safety Executive, 2001,

Liberty site, sponsor of UK Campaign “Buzz Off,”

Council of Europe Report, Twenty-seventh sitting, June 25, a.m

“’Teen Repellent’ Buzzing Devices May Be Switched Off by Law Today,” Tom Peck, The Independent, June 25, 2010,

“What is GPS?,”

“How Pet Microchipping Works,” Jane McGrath,

“Bringing Up Baby in A Bubble: Marketers Tap Into American Parents’ Anxiety About Child Safety With a Plethora Of Products that Promise to Protect Children from a Variety of ‘Dangers’” Marilyn Gardner, The Christian Science Monitor, January 19, 2005,

GPS Nanny,

“Monitor Your Child,” Principal Security,

“Human Inventory Control,” The Editors, Scientific American, April 25, 2005,

“Device to Track Truant Students Raises Privacy Concerns,” Elizabeth White, The Chronicle,

“Two Local Districts Using Student Tracking Devices,” Cynthia Cisneros, ABC 13 Houston, Tx., October 12, 2010

“Preschoolers Being Radio-tagged,” Cory Doctorow, Boing, September 2, 2010,

Free Range Kids, Lenore Skenazy, 2010


“Halloween Sadism: The Evidence,” Joel Best, University of Delaware, 2010,

“Odds of Becoming a Lightning Victim” National Weather Service,

“How Dangerous Is Childhood,” Missing, Aug. 17, 2006,

“Land of the Free, Home of the Scared: An Interview with Lenore Skenazy,” Trevor Butterworth,, Sept. 2, 2009,

“Safety in Numbers in Australia: More Walkers and Bicyclists, Safer Walking and Bicycling,” Dorothy L. Robinson, Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 2005: 16 (1),

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Traffic Safety Facts – 2009,

Automotive Safety Program, Pedestrian Injury, Prevent, Indiana University School of Medicine,

“Children and Car Accidents; the Alarming Statistics, Article, Demcember 24, 2008,

“Pedestrian Accidents Involving Children: Facts, Figures & Statistics,”

Article, December 30, 2008,

“The Odds of Dying,” Robert Roy Britt, Live, January 6, 2005,

“The Odds on Dying Strange Deaths,” 1001 Ways to, May 26, 2010,

“Becoming Safety Aware: Parent’s Guide to Child Safety,” sponsored by The Global Children’s Fund,

Book of Odds,

“Weird Death Statistics,” Funny, November 19, 2010,

Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute, &

“Strange but True: Helmets Attract Cars to Cyclists,” Nikhil Swaminathan, Scientific American, May 10, 2007,

“The Impact of Compulsory Cycle Helmet Legislation on Cyclist Head Injuries in New South Wales, Australia,” Scott R. Waltera, Jake Oliviera, Tim Churchesc & Raphael Grzebietaa, Accident Analysis & Prevention, Volume 43, Issue 6, November 2011,

“Cyclist Injury Data Before and After Helmet Law in Western Australia,” Chris Gillham,



“School: The Story of Public Education,”,

“Child Labor in U.S. History,” Child Labor Public Education Project,

“Chapter 2 – An Angry Look at Modern Schooling,” John Taylor Gatto, from Underground History of American Education, 2001,

“Franklin Bobbitt (1876–1956) – Social Efficiency Movement, Bobbitt’s Contribution,”


“Academic Dishonesty Among Gifted and High-Achieving Students,” Kimberly A.  Geddes, Gifted Child Today, Vol. 34, Number 2, 2011

“Atlanta Public Schools Shaken By Cheating Report,” Joy Resmovits, The Huffington Post, July 5, 2011,

“Rotten Apples: An Investigation of The Prevalence and Predictors of Teacher Cheating,” Brian A. Jacob & Steven D. Levitt, Quarterly Journal of Economics, , Vol. 118, August 3, 2003,

Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything, Steven Levitt & Stephen J. Dubner, 2005

“Schools Caught Cheating In Atlanta, Around The Country,” Joy Resmovits, The Huffington Post, October 8, 2011,

“Celebrated School Accused of Cheating; Exclusive: TAKS Results Too Good to be True at Houston Elementaries,” Joshua Benton & Holly K. Hacker, Dallas Morning News, December 31, 2004,

“Ravitch to Obama: ‘Change Course Before it is Too Late,’” Valerie Strauss, The Washington Post, June 22, 2010,

“When a Test Fails the Schools, Careers and Reputations Suffer,” Jacques Steinberg & Diana B. Henriques, The New York Times, May 21, 2001,

“Test Secrecy Fails to Cover Up Major Mess: Minnesota Students Win Millions from Testing Company for Faulty Scoring,” Teresa Saum,, January, 2003

“FCAT Credibility: Test Must Be 100 Percent,” The, July 31, 2010,

Everything Bad Is Good For You: How Today’s Popular Culture Is Actually Making Us Smarter, Steven Johnson, 2005


“Globe High School Censors its Student Newspaper,” Sarah Fenske, Phoenix New Times, Feb 7

“Study: Students Remember More Ads Than News,” Associated Press, March 5, 2005,

“The Hazelwood Decision and Student Press: A Complete Guide to the Supreme Court Decision,”,

“Restraining Student Media: High School Administrators Shackle Student Journalists’ Right to Freedom of the Press,” Student Press Law Center, 2004,


“Homework Research and Policy: A Review of the Literature,” Harris Cooper, Research/Practice Newsletter (Portions of this article were taken from “Synthesis of Research on Homework,” Educational Leadership, October 1989),

“A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform,” National Commission on Excellence in Education, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, 1983,

“The Nation’s Report Card: NAEP: Reading Scores Flat at Grade 4, Up Slightly at Grade 8,” David Nagel, The Journal, March 24, 2010,

“Leaders and Laggards: A State-by-State Report Card on Educational Effectiveness,” Center for American Progress, U.S. Chamber of Commerce and Hess, 2009,

Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement, Robert J. Marzano, Debra Pickering & Jane E. Pollock, 2001

The Homework Myth: Why Our Kids Get Too Much of a Bad Thing, Alfie Kohn, 2006

“Extra Homework Doesn’t Do Kids Any Good, Says Research,” Lisa Power, The Courier-Mail, March 28, 2012,

“Annotated Bibliography Regarding Social-Emotional Learning and Academic Stress,” Michele Dauber & We Can Do Better Palo Alto (in collaboration with Challenge Success), October 2011,

“Adolescent Overscheduling: The Relationship Between Levels of Participation in Scheduled Activities and Self Reported

Clinical Symptomology,” S. Melman, S.G. Little, & K. A. Akin-Little, The High School Journal, Vol. 90, Number 3, March 2007.

“Impact of Homework Stress on Children’s Physical and Psychological Well Being,” S. K. Cheung & Ngai Leung, Journal of the Hong Kong Medical Association, Vol. 44, Number 3,1992

“Hazardous Homework? The Relationship Between Homework, Goal Orientation, and Well-Being in Adolescence,” M. K. Galloway & D. Pope, Encounter: Education for Meaning and Social Justice, Vol. 20, Number 4, 2007

“The Relationship of Homework to A-level Results,” P. B. Tymms & C. T. Fitz-Gibbon, Educational Research, Vol 34, Number 1, 1992

“Parents’ Inquiries about Homework: The First Mention,” Text & Talk – An Interdisciplinary Journal of Language, Discourse Communication Studies, Volume 26, Issue 4-5, 2004

“The Less-Homework Revolution: How Fed-Up Parents are Changing the Way Schools Think — and How You Can, Too,” Nancy Kalish,, March 2009,,1

The Case Against Homework: How Homework is Hurting Our Kids and What You Can Do About it, Sara Bennett and Nancy Kalish, 2006,

“The Homework Ate My Family,” Romesh Ratnesar, Time, June 30, 2003,


Rethinking Homework: Best Practices That Support Diverse Needs, Cathy Vatterott, 2009

“Lack of Sleep Impairs Teens’ Health, Academic Progress,” Hugh C. McBride, Parents For, 2009,

“Sleepless Everywhere: Keep Your Kids Rested to Maximize Their Learning Potential,”,

“Sleep Deprivation May Be Undermining Teen Health,” Siri Carpenter, American Psychological Association, October 2001, Volume 32, No. 9,

“Annual Sleep in America Poll Exploring Connections with Communications Technology Use and Sleep,” National Sleep Foundation,  March 7, 2011,

“Scientists Finding Out What Losing Sleep Does to a Body,” Rob Stein, The Washington Post October 9, 2005,

NurtureShock: New Thinking About Children, Po Bronson & Ashley Merryman, 2009

“Teen Sleep Deprivation: A Serious Problem,” Joyce Frieden, WebMD Health News, August 21, 2000,

“Later School Start Time Leads to Better Students,” Cynthia Graber, Scientific American,

July 5, 2010,

“Attention Problems May Be Sleep-Related,” Kate Murphy, New York Times, April 16, 2012,

“The Impact of School Start Time in Adolescent Health and Academic Performance: Introduction: The Timing of Education,” Dennis Nolan, School Start

“The Impact of School Start Time in Adolescent Health and Academic Performance: Introduction: Medical Intervention: Minnesota, Connecticut, & Rhode Island,” Dennis Nolan, School Start,

“Op-Ed: Our Kids Need More Sleep,” Valerie Erde, Greenwich, January 25, 2012,

“Do Later School Start Times Really Help High School Students?,” John Cline, Psychology Today, February 27, 2011,


“Zero Tolerance, Zero Evidence: An Analysis of School Disciplinary Practice, Russell J. Skiba, for Indiana Education Policy Center, August 2000,

“Dissenting Judge Has Right Idea on Kid’s Violent Words,” David L. Hudson Jr., First Amendment Center, March 28, 2012,

“Strip-Searching Kids? 6 Shocking Ways Our Schools Treat Students Like Criminals,”, Kristen Gwynne, February 23, 2012,

“Do We Need Zero Tolerance?,” essay at Youth,

“Texas Zero Tolerance, Links to Alleged Abuse of Disciplinary Codes by Texas Public School Districts,”

“Brave New Schools: Boys Suspended for Tiny G.I. Joe Guns,” Whistleblower/Worldnetweekly, January, 29, 2004,

“Supreme Court Says Child’s Rights Violated by Strip Search,” Adam Liptak, New York Times, June 25, 2009,

“Cell-phone Student Back at School after Suspension,” CNN U.S., May 09, 2005,

“It’s a Fork, It’s a Spoon, It’s a … Weapon?,” Mustafah Abdulaziz, New York Times, October 11, 2009,

“Violence and Discipline Problems in U.S. Public Schools: 1996-97,” Statement by Pascal D. Forgione, Jr., Ph.D, U.S. Commissioner of Education Statistics

National Center for Education Statistics, at the release of the report, March 18, 1998,

“Zero Tolerance: Political Correctness Displaces Common Sense,”

“School Suspends Boy for Sketching Gun,” Associated Press, August 22, 2007,

“Texas Boy Earns ‘A,’ Six Days in Jail for Halloween Tale,” The Associated Press, November, 3, 1999,

“19 Crazy Things That School Children Are Being Arrested For in America,” The American,

“Girl’s Arrest for Doodling Raises Concerns About Zero Tolerance,” Stephanie Chen,, February 18, 2010,

“Under Scrutiny, Wake County Schools Rethink Long-Term Suspensions,” Joe Schwartz,,

“Toy Guns Get Boys Suspended: Parent Questions Response to School Incident,” Sara Leaming, The,

“Losing my Tolerance for ‘Zero Tolerance,’” Randy Cassingham, This Is, 1999,

“Supreme Court Says Child’s Rights Violated by Strip Search,” Adam Liptak, New York Times, June 25, 2009,

“Girl Who Borrowed Asthma Inhaler Expelled From School,” CBS Local News Denver, February 20,

“Student May Be Punished for Bat,” Cynthia L. Garza, Fort Worth Star Telegram, May 20, 2004, reposted at

“Child Suspended for Brandishing Chicken,” Los Angeles Times, February 1, 2001,–

“Student Kicked off Bus over Passed Gas,” John Chambliss, The Lakeland Ledger, March 19, 2009, story reposted at

“Student Arrested for ‘Passing Gas’ at Fla. School,” The Stuart News, November 4, 2008, reposted at

“One Strike, You’re Out: Has Zero Tolerance Gone Too Far?,”  Scott Lafeet, California Schools Magazine, Winter 2005,

“Cell-phone Student Back at School After Suspension,”, May 9, 2005,

“Legal Feature: Tracking and Fighting Zero Tolerance,” The Rutherford Institute, October 27, 2003,

“School Suspends Kindergartner Whose Costume Violates Weapons Policy,” Carmen J. Lee, Post-Gazette, November 03, 1998,

“Case Studies – Criminalizing Kids II: Misdemeanor Mistakes and Felony Forgetfulness,”,

“Zero Tolerance: Effective School Discipline, or Failed School Policy,” Royce L. Morris,

“Students Taste Antacid Tablets, Digest Suspension For Violating District Rule,” Associated Press, March 22, 1997,

“Boy Suspended for Taking Belt of Mouthwash,” Associated Press, March 23, 1997,

“Zero Tolerance, Zero Evidence,” Russell J. Skiba, The Indiana Education Policy Center, August, 2000,

“Instances of Nonviolent Youth Treated Like Criminals — Strip-Searched or Shackled for Minor Infractions — Shed Light on a Widespread Problem in America’s Schools,” February 23, 2012, Kristen Gwynne,,

“Do We Need Zero Tolerance?,” Virginia Youth Violence Project,

“Zero Tolerance,” Bryce Carter, The Nonprofit Government Watchdog Advisory Trust,, March 27, 2003,

“Reported Cases of Alleged Disciplinary Policy Abuse in Individual Texas Independent School Districts,” Texas Zero,

“School Today, Jail Tomorrow,” Joe Schwartz, Indy, August 23, 2010,


“School to Prison Pipeline: Fact Sheet,” New York Civil Liberties Union,

“Schools Under Pressure to Spare the Rod Forever,” Dan Frosch, New York Times, March 29, 2011,

“The Rise of Urban School Systems,” Encyclopedia of Children & Childhood in History & Society,

“21st Century Learning – Sir Ken Robinson Gets it Half Right,” Tara Ehrcke, Staffroom, December 16, 2010,

“Historical Timeline,” Educational Reform, SAGE Reference Online,

“An Analytical Study on Scientific Management,” Akeem Adebiyi Adeyemi, Ersal Aslam, Alan Cohen, Sangram Singh & Jolanta Soltis,

“G. Stanley Hall and the Testing Movement,” Christina Meiss, University of Notre Dame,

The Measurement of Intelligence, Lewis Terman, 1916

“The Changing Culture of Childhood: A Perfect Storm,” Joe L. Frost, Association for Childhood Education International, Jun 22, 2007,

“Recess revolution: Introducing Structure and Organization to Play Time,” Sara Lenz, Deseret, April 17 2011,

“Playland revisited,” J. E. Johnson, Journal of Research in Childhood Education, Volume 11, No. 1, 1998

“No Child Left Out of the Dodgeball Game?,” Helyn Trickey,, Auguest 24, 2006,

“Pros and Cons of Recess Time in Schools: Is Recess a Mere Tradition or a Vital Piece in Education?,” Barbara Pytel,, December 20, 2009,

“The Role of Recess in Children’s Cognitive Performance and School Adjustment,”  Anthony D. Pellegrini and Catherine M. Bohn, January/February 2005, Educational Researcher,

“A Review of Chronic and Acute Physical Activity Participation on Neuroelectric Measures of Brain Health and Cognition During Childhood,” Charles H. Hillman, Keita Kamijo & Mark Scudder, Preventive Medicine 52, January 2011,

“No-Fun Zones: Schools Take a Recess,” Matt Schudel, Technos Quarterly for Education and Technology, Volume 10, No. 4, 2001

“Ten Salient Studies on the Arts in Education,” Online, September 6, 2011,

“Focus on 2 R’s Cuts Time for the Rest, Report Says,” Sam Dillion, New York Times, July 25, 2007,

“Book Tackles Old Debate: Role of Art in Schools,” Robin Pogrebin, New York Times, August 4, 2007,

“History of Zero Tolerance Policies in Schools,”

“Are Zero Tolerance Policies Effective in the Schools? An Evidentiary Review and Recommendations,” American Psychological Association Zero Tolerance Task Force, American Psychologist, December 2008, Volume 63, No. 9,

Expelling Hope: The Assault on Youth and the Militarization of Schooling, Christopher G. Robbins, 2008

“Texas boy earns ‘A,’ six days in jail for Halloween tale,” Associated Press, November 3, 1999, reposted at Freedom,

“Arizona School Suspends 13-Year-Old Boy for Drawing Gun,” August 22, 2007, East Valley Tribune

“Divided 2nd Circuit Upholds Suspension for Violent Drawing,” Associated Press, March 23, 2012, reposted at The First Amendment,

“Girl’s arrest for Doodling Raises Concerns about Zero Tolerance,” Stephanie Chen,, February 18, 2010,

“BUSTED: Texas School Cops Give Tickets, Big Fines for Talking, Gum-Chewing, Other Kid Stuff,” Noreen O’Donnell, May 9, 2011, The,

“San Mateo Pays Family of Boy Pepper-Sprayed by Cop,” Henry K. Lee, San Francisco, Chronicle Staff Writer, December 8, 2011,

Criminalizing the Classroom: The Over-Policing of New York City Schools, The New York Civil Liberties Union, March 2007,

“Students and advocates protest NYPD in schools,” Sandra E. García & Debralee Santos, Manhattan Times, February 29, 2012,

“Erica DeRamus’ Prom Dress Violated School Dress Code, Took Suspension Over Paddling,” Janet Shan, April 5, 2010, Hinterland Gazette,

“Spanking Lives On in Rural Florida Schools,” Sarah Gonzalez,, March 13, 2012,

“Detroit High School Protest: Students Suspended After Demanding ‘An Education,’” Huffington, March 30, 2012,


“Flaunting the Freak Flag: Karr v. Schmidt and the Great Hair Debate in American High Schools, 1965–1975,” Gael Graham,The Journal of American History, Volume 91, Issue 2, April 23, 2006,

Transcript: “392 F.2d 697, L. W. FERRELL and Jo Ferrell, Next Friends of Phillip Ferrell, et al., Appellants, v. DALLAS INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT et al., Appellees, No. 24301. United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit,” March 29, 1968,

“A Hairy Predicament: The Problem with Long Hair in the 1960s and 1970s,” Andrew Robert Herrick, Thesis Submitted to the Eberly College of Arts and Sciences at

West Virginia University, 2006,

“Suit Over Haircut Settled,” New York Times, May 31, 1967

“School Reprimands Teacher Who Cut Student’s Hair,” New York Times, November 19, 1967.

“Good Housekeeping Poll: Have Schools the Right to Enforce Haircuts?,” Good Housekeeping, September 1968

“In the 60’s, Hair Was a Fighting Word,” Joan Cook, New York Times, December 31, 1969

“President’s Campaign On Discipline: 3 Educators Reflect: [Interview],” New York Times, March 2, 1984,

School Administrators Are Worked Into A Lacquer Over The Use Of Hair Spray.

Karen Croke, New York Daily News, May 29, 1991.

“In America; The Valedictorian’s Un-Graduation,” Bob Herbert, New York Times, June 24, 1995,

“Hair-Dye Hubbub Fades Two Students Who Were Suspended Earlier Say They Will Dye Their Hair Different Shades,” Carmen Livingston, The Post-Standard, Syracuse, N.Y., March 8, 1996

The Austin Chronicle, October 24, 1997,

The Austin Chronicle, October 23, 2002,

“Parents Furious After School Shaves their 6-yar-old Son’s Head, Opposing, May 31, 2009,

“Judge Rules Needville ISD Violated Native American Boy’s Constitutional Rights,” Bob Dunn, Fort, January 22, 2009,

“Teacher Cuts off Student’s Braid For Punishment,” Danielle Canada, Hip Hop, December 14, 2009,

“No Wild Hair, Makeup For Lake Students: District Announces Ban On Unnatural Hair Colors, Extreme Makeup,” Click, July 20, 2011,

“Mom of Locks of Love Teen ‘Shocked’ By School’s Statement,” Christina Ng, New York Times, February 1, 2012,


“Do Students Eat Like Prisoners?,”, May 2011,

“Safety of Beef Processing Method is Questioned,” Michael Moss, New York Times, December 30, 2009,



“Part 1: Fredric Wertham, Censorship & the Timely Anti-Wertham Editorials,” Martin Goodman, February 6, 2011,

“Following ACLU Action, Northern California High School Students Win First Amendment Victory,” ACLU Press Release, July 14, 2005,

“ACLU Settles Student-Cell-Phone-Search Lawsuit With Northeast Pennsylvania School District,” ACLU Press Release, September 15, 2010,

“Minnesota Girl Alleges School Privacy Invasion,” March 10, 2012,,

“Up Against the Wall! Should District be Allowed to Demand Middle-Schooler’s Facebook Password?,” Bob Sullivan,, March 13, 2012,

“The Freedom to Game,” Gabe Rottman,, April 24, 2012,

The St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture Vol. 5, Section on Fredric Wertham by James Reibman, 1999,

“Dr. Fredric Wertham (478),” Michael Chabon, The Amazing Website of Kavalie & Clay,

“Archie Drops the Comics Code…Wertham Dead Forever,” The Comics, January 21, 2011,

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